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Learning in Entropy and the Material Morals of Waste

School creates an epistemological order among children. They primarily modify a child’s perspective, focus, and behavior like factories manufacturing and assembling components on a linear particular conveyor in an assembly line.

They reduce entropy (disorder) and organize particular forms of order (value) among children in the name of learning patterns and language. They teach children particular methods of doing things like seeing, counting, describing and above all remembering.

But Nature is full of autonomous learning among the young, entropy or disorder in order, chaos among likeness, destruction in the process of creation and generation of life from decomposition of living cells. The sun’s gravitational field created multiple forms of life on Earth and the Earth’s gravitational field opposed that to create our atmosphere and oceanosphere.

What we learn from quantum physics is that learning itself is archaeological, be it human history or natural/cosmological phenomena.
The world and our understanding of it is granular and not continuous and in sameness, what we impose on the world, our categories are tinted by our everyday particular experience.

Learning happens in disorder, entropy, difference and error and not in order, rigour, sameness, and ritual.

Languages developed not in schools and universities but in the chaotic exchanges in human community and from filiation from mother to daughter and sister languages keeping to phonological roots like Proto-Indo-European. The process continues even in this age of linguistic identity poltics.

The lexical coda of languages and their development show the treasure trove of learning that languages are and they don’t exist in labelled containers like Latin or Kannada or Bengali.

For example the words nau and navis for a hollow object in like a stomach or boat are present in Latin, Kannada and Bengali. The word for sailor is navita in Latin and navik in Kannada and Bengali.

Languages flourish in temporal and semantic filiation but they also exist because of various differences and disorder. The human brain and tongue are the fascinating producers of language.

A comparative list of basic words in modern languages is an illustrative vocabulary of linguistic filiation and the encoding the history of the cognitive practise called learning.

Languages are histories of ourselves, narratives about ourselves and our past, loans from our memories to make sense of living the anticipation of our future.

The archaeology of our knowledge tells us about knowledge based on our experience of everything around us that influences our ideas, our familiarity about who we are and what we consume. Languages are genealogies of our ways of learning and remembering.

Waste and pollution are the outcomes of our ways of imposing durability and immortality on our material possessions that we attach value to and what we consume and materials we do not recycle or reuse.

But Nature’s order is one of destruction in the process of creation and generation of life from decomposition of living cells. Events that are eternal in their regularity but granular, different and temporal in their occurrence.

The ontology (our understanding of the existence) of materials in nature is an event and that things that seem eternal are also temporal events in their existence on a cosmological timescale.

The perfect example is that of stone in nature and the artificial attempt at mockery of stone – concrete. Nothing is eternal and infinite but just granular and finite.

Darwin foretold the future in the science of survival, extinction, and evolution but he didn’t know that his own species would seal it’s own fate through the economics of industrialization and were not instinctively moral like he believed…

Adam Smith anticipated this crisis in the ethics of value in his moral exhortations about human behavior in the theory of moral sentiments but I wonder if he applied Darwin’s theory to the ethics of self-interest in the wealth of nations?

The hydrocarbon fuelled civilization is headed inexorably on the road to autotelic extinction. No longer treasuring the autonomous nature of human cognition and behaviour but chained to the factory produced notion of value.

And thereby hangs the tale of value in our material morals in an industrial world. Waste is something that we no longer value or have no use for. Waste is the other in our consciousness, not the same as our wants. The term waste in industry is used for downstream material, nobody wants to buy or has any use for and is put in landfills.

The real “value” of wealth is in the giving like plants “give” fruit that is “food” and regenerates once again through soil microbiomes into trees eternally. Value is not ordered or particular in economics and languages but more the disorder, chaos like the din of a market place or blurring in a pool of muddy water, more the dispersal of value in nature, more the thriving of Nature.

Only humans hoard things because of their notional familiarity and value or wealth.

When we are empowered by technology but crippled by race, religion and class – the very divisions that have made humans – inhuman. The contours of politics are drawn by identity, class, and religion, it’s who you think you are that makes you support a particular idea and not a ideology or vision of happiness and well being for all.

Our beliefs are quantum in the sense of disorder and difference and religion creates a fantasy beyond perception and yet asserts concreteness.

Notional value is a wasteful idea, because we accumulate notional value and build identity, religion or wealth…

Featured

Semi-conductor for Solar panels

Energy powers civilization in every step. The greatest quantum of electric energy is generated from climate warming coal and natural gas fired thermal steam turbines because the steam engine turning a dynamo is the legacy of the industrial revolution.

Roy Research and Technology has developed a electrically and electronically conductive semi-conductor. A clean and natural semi-conducting material to generate clean electromotive force at a low cost. A quantum dynamo to generate solar electricity and capacitor for energy storage.

The Semiconductor is a unique radiation absorber with the capacity to absorb electromagnetic radiation from any source. The semiconductor absorbs electromagnetic and radio frequency radiation. The semiconductor has a radiation shielding property.

The major application for the semiconductor is to produce photo-electricity from the sun in solar panels, concrete bricks and panels. The semiconductor has a capacitor property to store charge and act as a battery.
The Semiconductor material is more efficient than silicon chips that are doped (impurities introduced) to enable them to conduct electrons. The electricity generated from a particular surface area is higher than a similar solar panel or tile. The return on investment will be much greater with the Semiconductor.
The most important point is the cost of production. The Semiconductor costs much less than a conventional silicon panel or tile.

The semiconductor powered road can emit ​charge ​for​ ​electric​ ​battery​ ​vehicles​ ​to​ ​charge​ from the road surface ​while​ ​traveling. Another application is the wireless​ ​charging of electronic devices.

The semiconductor can warm and ​melt​ ​ice​ ​on​ ​road​ ​surface​.​

Featured

Artificial Timber

Timber that looks and feels like wood

Wood is warm, earthy, and feels good to the touch. That is why, wood substitutes in furniture like plastic or metal, or in flooring like ceramic tiles, for instance, never feel the same.
The artificial wood innovated by Roy Research and Technology is, hence, a winner, because it feels and looks like wood. And, just as wood has different textures and colours, so can RRT’s invention be easily varied to mimic different types of natural wood and have similar grain, texture, and appearance.
Roy Research and Technology’s artificial timber is better than other wood substitutes, because:

  • it can be made in the form of blocks, beams, and panel. Just as wood can be cut into various sizes and shapes, our artificial timber can be re-sized for various uses in furniture, flooring, or even construction.
  • its density can be changed, that is, it can be made heavier/stronger or lighter. Depending on what it is going to be used for, RRT’s artificial timber panels can be made to strong enough to take on huge loads or light enough for a baby’s cot.
  • it resembles and feels like natural timber in grain and colour. Any natural wood finish can be arrived at to present an authentic appearance.
  • it can be sawed and painted on. It can also be carved on and made into door or wall panels with elaborate designs, for instance.
  • it has nail and screw holding capacity.
  • it is a good thermal insulator, it helps retain heat in wood houses. Wood flooring is very common in colder countries, because it helps trap heat apart from the aesthetic value. Artificial wood serves both purposes. Finally, just like natural wood, artificial wood is bio-degradable and can be powdered and disposed off safely.

Roy Research and Technology’s artificial timber resembles natural wood, but apart from that, it has several advantages that natural wood lacks:

  • Termite-proof/borer-resistant.
  • Retards fire. RRT’s innovation, artificial wood, is not inflammable. This quality is one of its greatest strengths when compared to natural wood. So, the artificial wood can be safely used indoors as well as in industrial uses.
  • Is buoyant, helps make boats and other floating devices. Also, as its density can be changed, too, it is ideal material for building boats.
  • Resistant against the action of hot water and chemicals including salts, acids, and bases. This makes it ideal in use even in industrial settings as flooring or paneling.
  • Does not rot.

Artificial wood does not wear out quickly and is built for life: it doesn’t catch fire cannot be eaten away by termites. Roy Research and Technology’s artificial wood is one of the best examples of sustainable technology. It is a clean and green product that helps earn carbon credits. It satisfies the pollution prevention hierarchy (see image to the left) identified by the Environmental Protection Agency.
That is, first and foremost, it prevents environmental pollution that is caused by fly ash lying around. It also re-uses and recycles industrial waste and converts it into a product with economic value.
Our artificial timber invention prevents pollution in another way: it prevents widespread deforestation as it is a wood substitute that can be made available anywhere and costs much lesser than wood. Thus, by creating a brilliant replacement for a threatened esource, RRT’s artificial wood has the potential to minimize or avert ecological disaster.
The raw material for the artificial timber can be not only fly ash, but also silica, red mud, etc. And, as some sort of waste or the other is readily available anywhere in the world, it means that the technology has practical applications globally. Being able to produce artificial wood locally, there is no expensive procurement of raw material involved, thus adding to its ‘sustainable’ value.
Also, the manufacturing process of artificial wood, too, is environmentally compatible, for the following reasons:
Land requirement of just 10-15 acres for a standard plant
Low energy and water requirement
No emission of heat or pollutants of any sort
Cheaper to produce than rubber wood or plywood
Microbial grain former locally sourced raw materials.
Finally, the artificial timber has no disposal problems.
Thus, from start to finish, artificial timber adheres to the ideals of sustainable technology.
Copyright Roy Research and Technology 2017 http://www.royresearch.com

Featured

Industrial Waste to Resource

Roy Research and Technology has invented a technology to recycle waste like asphalt or coal tar and solid waste to make products. Bitumen as asphalt or coal tar is available as bottom waste from petroleum refinery and steel industries. The process recovers hydrocarbons from left over asphaltic tar sand and converts them to products.

Recycle waste from petroleum refinery and steel industry to make :

  1. improving the flotation and buoyancy of ships
  2. lightweight insulated and sandwich panel
  3. insulated solar backing
  4. filler material for hollow structural section
  5. encapsulation of nuclear waste
  6. building insulation
  7. composite material as bulletproof vest
  8. spray blanketing material for coal powder or mineral powder/stone chips during transportation.
  9. encapsulation of nuclear solid waste.
  10. road carpeting and improving river side and ocean side embankment.
  11. low-cost energy conservation system by utilizing agriculture based reactive product for roofing
  12. void filling like filling of steel tubes, channel to improve structural strength and prevent corrosion (this was tested and certified by Govt. of India’s Ministry of Defense.)

The technology was patented and published in the USA, Canada, Spain, Mexico, Japan, UK, Italy, France, Denmark, Brazil, Germany, India and describes the method of utilizing asphalt and coal tar through eco-friendly process.

In this process leftover hydrocarbon is extracted and solid bitumen waste is liquefied during fusion with hydroxyl fatty oil. This technology replaces CFC with ethanol reactivated eco-friendly blowing agent or cell former. The products absorbs sound excellently, with damping properties.

Roy Research and Technology’s invention under United Kingdom patent publication describes various solid waste materials as fillers with various properties. Waste metallic fillers, ceramic fillers, various clays fly ash, cinders, and various slag powders.

The materials that can be used with this technology:

  1. Sand, soapstone, steatite, talc and clay.
  2. Fly ash, cinders, various slags, red mud form the aluminium industry) glass frits, calcium and magnesium sulphates (paper industry wastes), poly-isocyanate pitch, fertilizer waste, molasses waste, copper mud and phosphate waste (fire retardant).
  3. coconut shell powder, cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) resins, rice husks, straw powder, wood shavings and charcoal powder.
  4. Gypsum, limestone, calcite, dolomite, magnesite, basalt or granite powder (especially from deep strata like goldmines) and marble dust.
Featured

Biomass Fertilizer to Biomass Ethanol

Renewable Fertilizer for Renewable Energy

Biomass Fertilizer Plantee’s natural effect on plant cellulose yields higher and better quality biomass sugar value for the production of more ethanol from the same quantity of biomass.

If the biomass used to produce ethanol is cultivated with hydrocarbon-based fertilizers, it defeats the purpose of producing renewable energy. The inputs used to grow the biomass should be renewable so that the whole process is sustainable. Using non-renewable inputs to produce renewable products will cause the same environmental and ethical problems that we have been enduring with conventional agriculture and energy.

Biomass Fertilizer Plantee keeps to the spirit of the principle of the conservation of energy because it transfers renewable hydrocarbons and nitrogen from Biomass raw materials to produce fine high sugar value Biomass feedstock to produce ethanol.

Women of India

Women of India is a photo book by award winning photo journalist Mukul Roy. Portraits of women in the luminescent hues of subdued shades and shadows. The book directs our gaze at women who remain involved in their daily lives, unassuming about their appearance in photographs in the book.

Languages are histories of ourselves, narratives about ourselves and our past, loans from our memories to make sense of living the anticipation of our future.

How the stratification works within her caste and most of all the privileged position boys have in her caste, in the rituals and practices and the secondary role played by women, the  stigmatism related to the non-male physiology, and the absence of women priests in temples. 

Caste stratification is just an extension of this patriarchy in the name of a metaphysical ethics, the ontology of which is codified.

And so we need supermen and heroes in our narrative, movies about caste emancipation, when the entire mythology is rigged without a way to see beyond it.

Patrilocality, Endogamy and the commodification of the mitochondrial DNA entrenches patriarchy as the fundamental cultural gaze. 

In evolutionary biology, females are accorded the more important role by  the genes of all animals, including humans. Only in human society, the male is able to set up a panopticon to regulate female behaviour, indeed reproduction and desire itself.  

The female travels to the groom’s village in patrilocal societies and where the caste system is entrenched endogamy is the norm, women are married in the boundary of the caste, the mitochondrial DNA (inherited DNA from the mother) are sent to a male within the caste.

When we are empowered by technology but crippled by race, religion and class – the very divisions that have made humans – inhuman. The contours of politics are drawn by identity, class, and religion, it’s who you think you are that makes you support a particular idea and not a ideology or vision of happiness and well being for all.

Wrap this with the patriarchal culture of theistic religion, and we find how phallic and masculine – gendering and stereotyping of our progeny is.

Theistic religion is the root of patriarchy and social stratification, not just class and capital. 

Cellulose is a product of light

The world is full of cellulose. Cellulose is the stuff plants are made of. It is a kind of sugar or carbohydrate that we cannot eat. These are stored in chain like structures called lignins.

Cellulose contains the basic building blocks of life Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen and a few metals like phosphorus, calcium, and boron.

How do plants make cellulose? They do so through a way called photosynthesis. We can call it solar cooking.

The greenery around us is not there without a reason. The green material is Chlorophyll, a protein that helps to absorb light energy from the sun.

The process always begins when energy from light is absorbed by proteins called reaction centres that contain green chlorophyll pigments. In plants, these proteins are held inside organelles called chloroplasts, which are most abundant in leaf cells, while in bacteria they are embedded in the plasma membrane. In these light-dependent reactions, some energy is used to strip electrons from suitable substances, such as water, and carbon dioxide producing oxygen gas.

In most cases, oxygen is also released as a waste product. Most plants, most algae, and cyanobacteria perform photosynthesis; such organisms are called photoautotrophs.

Photosynthesis is largely responsible for producing and maintaining the oxygen content of the Earth’s atmosphere, and supplies all of the organic compounds and most of the energy necessary for life on Earth.

Role of bio-protiens.

The hydrogen freed by the splitting of water is used in the creation of two further compounds that serve as short-term stores of energy, enabling its transfer to drive other reactions: these compounds are reduced to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the energy bearers of cells.

The first photosynthetic organisms evolved early in the evolutionary history of life and most likely used reducing agents such as hydrogen or hydrogen sulfide, rather than water, as sources of electrons.

Cyanobacteria appeared later; the excess oxygen they produced contributed directly to the oxygenation of the Earth, which rendered the evolution of complex life possible. Today, the average rate of energy capture by photosynthesis globally is approximately 130 terawatts, which is about three times the current power consumption of human civilization. Photosynthetic organisms also convert around 100–115 billion tonnes (91-104 petagrams) of carbon into biomass per year.Today, the average rate of energy capture by photosynthesis globally is approximately 130 terawatts, which is about three times the current power consumption of human civilization. Photosynthetic organisms also convert around 100–115 billion tonnes (91-104 petagrams) of carbon into biomass per year.

Denying genetics and COVID vaccine immunology.

We have evolved in great peril and this is once again an evolutionary peril that ironically we can literally see unravelling genetically in the protein sequence imaging. We owe James Watson a big thank you for unravelling the double helix and telling us about genetic mutation without which knowledge COVID would remain an enigma. See the cover of his book in the featured image on this post.

The short point is all allergies are not infections of alien microbes but all infections are allergies as seen by the immune system because our bodies have trillions of bacteria and virus floating around inside us.

This earth is a gigantic wet waste composting process and animals and plants are just biding their time against microorganisms that are inside their bodies, and actually our stomachs are composting bags…working with the help of our microbiomes. Our microbiomes help metabolize our dietary nutrients through atleast 48 pathways.


Immunology is always dealing with microbiomes and the vaccines prepares our immune system with a learning and a nudge so that the dendritic cells of the the adaptive immune system (among mononuclear white blood cells) can prepare the antibodies based on the antigens absorbed from the proteins of the spikes of the corona virus. The spikes are literally sugar coated and remain camouflaged till they connect to the protein signalling receptor cells in the lungs, heart, or brain through the so called receptor binding domain material of the spikes.

The vaccine teaches the adaptive immune system about the trojan corona spike proteins.

The moral hazard of not taking the vaccine because when you are wishfully depending on denying the danger because it won’t come to you and it is the vaccine that will prepare you for the danger when you meet a vector and more important you become a vector yourself. The ethics of denying science because you doubt data based on trials and bank on hearsay is the main reason this virus will mutate.

All dogma is a type of neurosis, because each rules out the other based on fear of some non-existent notion.

Entropy is the order of the universe and the human mind has thrived through learning and not fear.

DNA: The secret of life.

See for reference:

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-02039-y

https://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/discovery-of-dna-structure-and-function-watson-397/

https://www.immunology.org/public-information/bitesized-immunology/cells/dendritic-cells

Plantee® ligno-cellulosic protein for better flowers

Plantee is a with ligno-cellulosic nitrogen based protein and nutrient for flowering plants. Plantee’s effect on plants yields better flowers that stay fresh for a longer time.

Plantee helps flower growers to earn higher returns on their produce. Flower growers in south Bengal who use Plantee get higher returns on their produce at auctions and local market sale.

Plantee’s benefits:

  • Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer than flowers grown with any other product.
  • • Plantee helps to produce healthy and robust saplings. Catalyses germination, opens leaf pores, enhances photosynthesis and root formation. Prevents and cures root and stem rot, and fungal attacks and builds immunity in the plant.

  • • Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.

  • • Plantee catalyses bacterial activity in soil, and aids the plant to effectively absorb essential nutrients from the soil.

  • • Plantee helps the plant to blossom and prevents untimely flower shedding.

  • • Plantee improves the flower’s form, colour, and fragrance. Increases flower yield.

Plantee is tested and certified in the laboratory and field by the Bose Institute in Calcutta, sponsored by the Indian Government’s Science and Technology Department, the Indian Government approved test laboratory Superintendence Company, West Bengal Government Agriculture Department Seed Farm, and the Indian Jute Industries Research Association. Plantee is a registered trademark and patented invention of Roy Research and Technology.

Dosage:
After planting the saplings, mix 10 ml Plantee per litre of water and spray or drip the saplings once every week.


Plantee is made by Roy Research and Technology
Kolkata – 700 006, India
Office Phone: 8910500180

Plantee cellulosic protein and anti-fungus protects plants from climate change

Plantee protects plants from heat stress and dryness due to climate change and improves root growth and photo-sensitivity in plants for better yield of fruits and vegetables.

Plantee has a good prospect when agriculture is suffering because of heat.
Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer and increases the vase life of flowers. Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.

PLANTEE INCREASES CROP DURABILITY IN A WARMING CLIMATE:
Roy Research and Technology has successfully grown Swarna rice using solely Plantee in Birbhum district of West Bengal, India. This rice was tested and found to have higher starch, carbohydrate and protein content. It also withstood stress situations like flooding and drought.
Plantee cellulosic anti-oxidant protects the plant from bacteria and fungus that cause stem and root rot by building immunity. Warm and wetter weather and flooding increases the spread of fungus and bacteria on plants and crops destroying crop yield.
Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer and increases the vase life of flowers. Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.

PLANTEE CELLULOSIC ENZYMES HELP TO DEGRADE LIGNIN IN BIOMASS LITTER AIDING CARBON SEQUESTRATION IN SOIL.
The friendly micro-organisms are in fact soil bacteria which can engage in (a) production of nitrogen, (b) fixation of nitrogen and (c) cause mineral/metal chelation.
The novel growth-stimulating composting provides optimum soil health, ensures supply of balanced plant nutrients in the form of free protein(s) and trace minerals and provides a favorable environment for the nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
PLANTEE INCREASES CROP DURABILITY IN A WARMING CLIMATE:
Roy Research and Technology has successfully grown Swarna rice using solely Plantee in Birbhum district of West Bengal, India. This rice was tested and found to have higher starch, carbohydrate and protein content. It also withstood stress situations like flooding and drought.
Plantee protects the plant from bacteria and fungus that cause stem and root rot by building immunity. Warm and wetter weather and flooding increases the spread of fungus and bacteria on plants and crops destroying crop yield.
Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer and increases the vase life of flowers. Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.
The Plantee products naturally synchronize with the soil biochemistry and eco-system and don’t require continuous fertilizer like the low-priced nitrogen and phosphate solutions in the guise of nutrients.
Most of the inorganic fertilizer used in agriculture is wasted in runoff to the ocean. The savings will be much more with Plantee because top soil will be produced in the sand or laterite soil.

Plantee Cellulose Protein

Plantee is a cellulose based renewable nitrogen fertilizer and ligno-cellulosic protein that has natural nitrogen, and naturally occurring iron, zinc, copper, boron, and phosphorus.
Renewable nitrogen fertilizer replaces the non-renewable nitrogen derived from natural gas used to produce urea and DAP fertilizer.
The food we eat depends on the dirtiest sources of nitrogen – natural gas – the raw material for making chemical fertilizers. Natural Gas is a non-renewable resource and generates the greenhouse gas – methane when nitrogen is extracted from it.

Plantee increases crop durability and yield

Roy Research and Technology has successfully grown Swarna rice using solely Plantee in Birbhum district of West Bengal, India. This rice was tested and found to have higher starch, carbohydrate and protein content. It also withstood stress situations like flooding and drought.
Plantee protects the plant from bacteria and fungus that cause stem and root rot by building immunity. Warm and wetter weather and flooding increases the spread of fungus and bacteria on plants and crops destroying crop yield.
Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer and increases the vase life of flowers. Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.

Plant Nutrition

Many microorganisms in soil and water carry a negative charge, which enables them to attract nutrients and to move freely about humus and clay colloids with cation exchange capacity.
The positively charged particles attract the humus particles. The symbiotic rhizobia and mycorrhizal fungi on the roots of the plants through ion exchange transfer the nutrient particles to the root during photosynthesis in the presence of sunlight.

Soil Conditioning

Plantee conditions soils like red soil, laterite soil, alluvial soil, sandy soil and black cotton soil by providing naturally occurring calcium, phosphorus, boron, zinc and lignocellulosic bio-protein with organic matter (OM), and dissolved oxygen and nitrogen.

Plant root growth by lignified Plantee Aqua Powder soil enricher

Roots of Swarna rice plant grown with Plantee near Santiniketan in Birbhum District, West Bengal

Biomass fertilizer Plantee replaces chemical fertilizer

The manufacture of chemical fertilizer is an energy-intensive process, consuming non-renewable natural gas and releasing greenhouse gases like Carbon Dioxide, Nitrous Oxide and Methane.
Nitrogen-based fertilizers are made from ammonia, which consumes five per cent of the natural gas produced globally. This quantity of natural gas amounts to two per cent of the total energy consumed globally. Methane is emitted during the production of fertilizer.
The chemical fertilizer run-off from the fields increases the nutrient levels in lakes and rivers and results in a spurt in algal blooms causing marine eutrophication.
These algae may take up all of the oxygen from the water and thus ruin other marine life. The residual nitrate leaches into the groundwater increasing nitrate concentrations above the permissible level. Urea and DAP fertilizers make soil acidic. Plantee aids soil pigmentation and restores the soil’s natural appearance discoloured by fertilizer.
Plantee Renewable Nitrogen Fertilizer Credentials
Plantee is tested by the Bose Institute in Calcutta, India which is sponsored by the Indian Government’s Science and Technology Department and by the Superintendence Company. Plantee is also tested and approved by the Midnapore District Seed Farm and W.B.A.I.C. Farm in Tarakeswar, Hooghly District, West Bengal, India. Plantee is a registered trademark and is an invention under several patents of Roy Research and Technology.
Article prepared by Roy Research and Technology based on field observations obtained continuously since the 1990s. Plantee is a registered trademark of roy Research and Technology.
Web https://atomic-temporary-92863601.wpcomstaging.com Phone: +918910500180 Mail info@royresearch.com

Renewable cold process bricks and panels from waste and soil

Roy Research and Technology has developed a unique process to u bio-se char and fly-ash for lightweight panel, building blocks, bricks etc. Through its proprietary eco-bonded binding technology with double bond carbonated poly calcium silicate formation. This technology eliminates toxicity and breath-ability factor. Thus having the potential as a good building material, while offsetting about millions tones of bio-char from bio-char culture, pulverized ash annually produce in India by the numerous thermal power station, also from other agro waste.

 

This technology allows various type of clays, soils, agro waste based bio-char ash lignin etc. to make green building blocks bricks and panels. The technology proves not only scope of utilization of huge volume of various grades of fly-ash but also reduces precious agricultural top soil and consumption of coal in making conventional clay bricks. Also, this eliminates the drying system of bricks through brick kilns.

 

Panels, blocks, bricks have gotten pleasing bright gray colors and other Eco-friendly color can be cooperated.   Also they are uniform in shape and smooth in finish. Also they require no plastering. They are of dense composition uniformly shaped. They are lighter in weight than the conventional one and less porous too and total replacement of conventional brick.

 

So far the brick making is concerned, a continuous unit of 10,000 – 50,000 bricks production per day per shift with 65% to 70% *bio-ash loading with average weight approximate 2.0 Kg to 2.5 Kg. R & D and also infrastructure are extra. Regarding block with male / female grove which is larger than conventional brick will weight around 3 Kg. Single Block making machine through the internal combustion engine without electric facility can produce1500 – 2000 blocks per day per shift with 70% – 80% bio-ash loading factor.

*BIO-ASH A PROPRIETORY INTERPERTICALE SYNERGESTIC MUDDING SYSTEM OF ROY RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY.

 

 

 

Typical observation test data of blocks and bricks based on poly fly ash as following:

 

 

TEST RESULT FOR MODIFIED ‘ECO-BOND’ BLOCKS

 

Blocks weight

5 – 7 kg either with 1. Fly ash extended 2. Red soil extended 3. Fly ash and bio char extended.

Serial No. Sample Reference Average Dimension

L X B X H in mm

Maximum

Load in KN

Area in mm2

2 X L X B

Compressive strength in

N/mm2

Water

Absorption

In %

Note: This is to note that the crushing strength of interlocking blocks aided by modified Co-bond is on an average 230.76 Kg/cm2 after a 28 day cure.

The standard building requirement is 125 Kg. per m.

The blocks are made by incorporating fly ash along with modified co-bonding within 24 hrs. The strength becomes 27 Kg. per Sq. cm. in 28 days.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1. MIX – 1

CO – 001

Kg/cm2

S – 1

225 X 50 X 116 123 22500 12.5 2.25
2. MIX – 1

CO – 001

Kg/cm2

S – 1

225 X 50 X 116 133 22500 12.5

Avg. 12.5

3.22

Avg. 2.73